Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary in uttarkannada district of Karnataka is the heavenly abundant with rich flora and fauna. The area is also rich in bamboo. These wildlife sanctuaries are scattered throughout the country and they with their amazing rock formation, diverse flora and fauna and beautiful landscapes attract the attention of the tourists from far and wide. Dandeli wildlife sanctuary offers wide range of adventurous activities such as one can plan for a trip to a family trekking which is designed especially taking into consideration people of age. All the family members can take part in trekking as it is designed in such a way. Apart from doing trekking the tourists can also take part in another thrilling but entertaining adventurous activity, i.e. wildlife safaris and adventure camps. These types of tour are very exciting and breathtaking as you come in direct contact with the wildlife. The wildlife sanctuaries try to provide a natural atmosphere and keep the animals, reptiles, birds and endangered species in their natural ambience.
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over 834.16 Sq.km and is reputed as the largest sanctuary in Karnataka. The wildlife sanctuary is also counted amongst the most attractive tourist spots in Karnataka. Numerous tourists from Karnataka and all over the india come and visit the sanctuaries every year to witness the wildlife while having jungle safari, or from a boat. It is quite an adventurous experience for the tourists, as the thrill that they have while spotting herds of wild elephants, deer and predators catching their prey in their natural habitat is much more exciting than watching a wildlife documentary on television. Tourists are allowed to visit the Dandeli National Park only after seeking permission from the Chief Wild Life Warden, Forest Department. The dense Dandeli jungle(Forest) has become the basis for procreation for a number of varieties of fish and insects, which form the base of the food chain. Several bird species including both resident and migratory types can be found in this sanctuary. The migratory birds from different parts of the world visit the place. The favorable climatic conditions of the country support the diversity of Dandeli flora and fauna.
Anshi National Park Dandeli
Anshi National Park is located in Uttara Kannada district, in the Indian state of Karnataka, bordering the state of Goa. The 340 square kilometre park adjoins the Dandeli wildlife sanctuary, and together with six other protected areas in the states of Goa and Maharashtra, forms a protected forest area of over 2200 square kilometres. The Park Contains deep valleys, steep hills and rich forests.
Flora - The forests in the area are rich in flora and fauna. Trees and plants that can be found here Ain, Kinjal, Teak, Hirda, Jamba, Mango, Ficus and Bamboos many more.
Fauna - A variety of Bonnet Macaque, deer (barking, mouse and spotted), Indian bison, Malabar Civet, Malabar giant squirrel, pangolin and sloth bear make their home in the forests of the park. The black panther, elephants and tigers are rare species to found in the Anshi National Park Dandeli. Reptiles spotted in the park include the King Cobra, Python, Krait, Rat snake and Viper.Ther are more then 200 species of birds found here Malabar Trogon, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Great Pied Hornbill, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Paradise Fly CatcherCeylon Frogmouth, Emerald Dove,Pompador Pigeon, Lesser Adjutant Stork .
Mammals to look out for in the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary
Dandeli is a home of thousands of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and birds. The varied climate and landscape of this place make this land ideal for the wildlife. The rivers and dense forests play an important role in growth of animals in Dandeli National Park. The animals which are found here are Black Panther, Bison, Elephant and Tiger which is the largest living member of this Dandeli wildlife sanctuary. The other are gaur, sambar, spotted deer, mouse deer, wild boar, wild dog, mongoose, porcupine, jackal , languor ,the sloth bear also known as the labiates bear Sloth bears breed during spring and early summer and give birth near the beginning of winter. They feed on termites, honeybee colonies and fruits. Sloth bears sometimes attack humans that encroach on their territory. Sloth bears are solitary creatures and generally nocturnal.
Barking deer is the most numerous deer species. Also called the red muntjac. This shy and elusive member of the deer family is spread across all the dense jungles of Dandeli forest. It has been named after its call, which bears a striking resemblance to the bark of dog. These animals grow to a height of 50 - 75 cms and weigh 20 -30 kgs. They have a life expectancy of between 20 - 30 years. They mostly live in solitude and are only very rarely seen in numbers exceeding two. Due to their low height and small stature, their main diet consists of grass and fallen fruits.
Birds Species to watch in Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary
Dandeli wildlife sanctuary is also known for its birds watching, because more than 150 species of birds are found. It is a bird’s paradise for bird’s lovers. The vast variety of exotic birds found here attracts tourists and bird-watchers and eco-tourists from all over the world. There are various different species of birds in India.
The scientific name of the Great Hornbill is Buceros bicornis and it is the largest member of the hornbill family. This large bird is nearly four feet tall with a sixty-inch wingspan. The tail weathers are as long as thirty-six inches and weighs approximately six pounds. The most striking feature of the hornbill is the bright yellow and black helmet on top of its massive bill. As such the helmet is of no use although they are believed to be the consequence of sexual selection. The female hornbills are smaller in size than the males and have blue eyes instead of red. The Great Hornbill feeds on fruits. It also consumes small mammals, birds, lizards, snakes and insects. The Malabar Grey Hornbill is an orange-yellow bill and has an overall grey appearance. The bird has paler grey streaking on sides of its head and the female bird has a blackish base at the start of the lower mandible
Peacock, also called Peafowl, is the national bird of India. The peacock flaunts a gleaming blue breast and neck and a spectacular bronze-green train of around 200 elongated feathers. It is capable of extending its tail erect like fan as ostentatious display. The male peacock is mostly known for the long train of elongated upper-tail covert feathers that resembles colourful eyespots. The female Peacock, consisting of a duller brown plumage, has a slightly greenish lower neck and lacks the train. Peacocks are mainly found in open forested areas where they scavenge for grains and berries, and also prey on lizards, snakes and small rodents.
Woodpeckers possess strong and pointed beaks which help them to remove the barks of trees and find the hiding insects. They have a stiff pointed tail to serve as a tripod support in this activity. The chisel-shaped bill, specially adapted for digging in wood and worm like barb-tipped extensile tongue capable of being shot out beyond the bill tip, enable the bird to skewer out hidden beetle larvae from the borings. Their food comprises of insects and their grubs which are collected from dead or living trees and several arthropods, nuts, fruits from live trees.
The koel bird is also called nightingale in India because of the melodious call of the Koel. The Asian Koel is a large-long tailed cuckoo, which is forty-five centimeters in length. The male is bluish black in colour with a pale green bill, rich red eyes and grey legs and feet. The female has a brownish upper part and the lower parts are whitish in colour. The females have an olive or green beak and red eyes. It is a brood parasite, which lays its single egg in the nests of a variety of birds, which includes the Jungle Crow and the House Crow. Koels make different types of calls.
Black Crested Bulbul
The Black Crested Bulbul is a forest bird and also resides in dense scrub. The lays from two to four eggs. The upper parts of the body are olive green in colour and the under parts are bright yellow in colour. The head throat and crest of the bird are black in colour. The male and the female have similar feathers but the young birds are duller than the adults. The flight is bouncing like that of the woodpecker. Black crested bulbuls live on fruits and insects.
Parrot or Parakeet
The tota is the most lovable bird in India. Large flock can be found all over the Indian sub-continent. Agriculture wise it is very destructive, known for wasting more and eating less. Usually green in colour with an amazingly red beak, the female lacks the black and rose pink collar of male.Feeds on fruits and seeds.
Counted among the most common Indian birds, it is considered as the most familiar and widespread bee-eater in India. This bird has elongated tail feathers, which are absent in the juvenile and is often seen sitting on fences and electric wires. The bird predominantly feed on insects including bees, wasps, dragonflies and butterflies, which are caught in the air while performing sorties.
The Green winged is also called and Emerald Dove pigeon. It has a number of subspecies. Emerald Doves are not gregarious and they occur singly, in pairs and sometimes in small groups. They are quite terrestrial and survive on seeds, fruits and a wide variety of plants. The male has a white spot on the edge of the shoulders and a grey crown while the female does not have any such spots. The female species have a more brownish complexion along with a grey mark on the shoulder. The young birds are more like the females but they have brown scallops on their body the feathers of the wing.
Commonly found in most parts of India, and is counted among the most common Indian birds. The bird is mainly found in well-wooded areas and it is actually a small owl with heavy barring.
Flowers of Dandeli National Park
Wild flowers are the source of all cultivated garden varieties of flowers. Although most wild flowers are native to the region in which they occur, some are the descendants of flowering plants introduced from other lands. Annual Wildflowers are the species that grow and bloom quickly from seed, and this group includes some of the most popular wildflowers with gardeners. Annuals have long blooming seasons, usually about two months. Perennial Wildflowers are the highly valued species that return each year from expanding clumps, and contribute to building a permanent wildflower garden or meadow. Biennial Wildflowers are wildflowers live out two-year life cycles from seed, blooming only during their second season. After all, most wildflower displays are seen in nature in wide-open places.
Reptiles of Dandeli National Park
Indian reptiles mainly inhabit in the numerous rivers, ponds, lakes, swamps or the other water bodies and they include the snakes, crocodiles, turtle etc.
The snakes are one of the most common Indian reptiles. Snakes are the carnivorous reptiles that have an acute sense of sight and feel. They secrete weapon is poison for capturing prey. The snakes mainly inhabit in paddy fields and open sandy areas and they adapt to the environments in the tropical and temperate regions. Snakes smell the presence of food by their forked tongue and as they do not have external ears, they can only feel vibrations.
Tortoise and Turtle
Indian tortoise has both an endoskeleton as well as an exoskeleton. The length of a tortoise differs between a few centimeters and two meters.. The body of a turtle is covered with special bony or cartilaginous shell, which is developed from its ribs. One of the oldest reptile groups, the turtle of India was in existence even before lizards and snakes.
Water Monitor Lizard
Indian Water Monitor lizard is one of the largest as well as the heaviest form of lizards, second only to the Komodo Monitors. The usual length of a water monitor is around 4 feet. Its entire upper body is full with round and protruding scales and the abdomen is covered with smooth scales.
Mugger crocodile is a member of Crocodylidae Family and is scientifically known as Crocodylus palustris. The colour of adult Mugger crocodiles of India is bright olive, while the young ones are on the paler side. The entire body of this species is spotted with black and scaled. Outer toes as well as fingers are webbed at the base.